Cameroon women’s team to represent Africa in world cup 2019

Cameroon’s women’s football team will soon be participating in the 2019 FIFA Women’s World Cup to be held in France. The team was one of the three from Africa that qualified to represent the continent in the coveted world football championship. 

Cameroon’s team qualified after they emerged among the top three in the 2018 Africa Women Cup of Nations conducted by the Confederation of African Football (CAF) in Ghana between November 17 and December 1 last year. The other two teams that have qualified for the FIFA world cup along with Cameroon are South Africa and Nigeria.  

The team made it to the top three teams after defeating Mali in the match to secure the third place. The FIFA world cup for women will be held coming June. 

Cameroon had won the 2017 Africa Cup of Nations. Contra Nocendi International and Contra Nocendi Cameroon congratulate the team on their feat and wish them the very best in France as they compete in the World Cup this summer.  

Cameroon: It is past time to ratify the Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

On 1 October 2008, the Republic of Cameroon took the noble step of signing the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The Convention was a vital step forward in the promotion of the rights and basic human dignity of persons with disabilities around the globe. It has been over 10 years since Cameroon signed the Convention and it still has not ratified the Convention. 10 years is far too long of a wait for Cameroonians with disabilities. The government of Cameroon must show its commitment to the rights of its citizens with disabilities and ratify the Convention.


The Convention itself aims “to promote, protect and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity”. These are indispensable rights and should be seen as a positive advancement to the human rights situation in any country that ratifies and domestically implements the Convention. The Convention deals with practical matters such as facilitating effective means of communications for persons with disability so that they can communicate and receive information. The ability to communicate is part of what makes human being so unique and special. It is something that we should facilitate for all persons.


Contra Nocendi International and Contra Nocendi Cameroon call upon the government of Cameroon to take steps to promote the rights of persons with disabilities and ratify the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

New Contra Nocendi report on migration

10 December 2018


As part of our celebration of human rights day, Contra Nocendi International is published its report on the EU Migration Partnership Agreements. We hope that our first in a series of reports will shed light on the practicalities of the partnership agreements and show that there is quite clearly some serious concerns about the lack of due regard for human rights on the part of the European Union. Whether it is a question of respect for international legal norms or looking at the issue of these partnerships with the EU as a future High Contracting Party to the European Convention on Human Rights, it is quite clear that the EU is falling short and must remember that these people are people with inalienable human rights and not just statistical figures.


In this report we looked at the issue through the lens of drivers of migration flows from African Union Member States into European Union Member States. We tracked the main migration routes and looked at European Union behaviour at large as well as European Union behaviour in engaging African Union Member States. We were deeply concerned with what appeared to be a preventive stance and an also policing stance on migration into the EU with limited regard to human rights. As our report lays out, the EU partnership agreements with hosting states in the African Union are seriously concerning and at times have limited transparency and accountability. There are concerns that metrics in which these agreements are measured in terms of success do not include human rights concerns of migrants.


As we celebrate human rights day today, we will always be mindful of the human price paid for migration policy that does not take proper regard for the human rights and human dignity of migrants.


The report can be downloaded here

Contra Nocendi statement on the kidnapping of children from PSS Nkwen

Contra Nocendi welcomes with great relief the news of the release of the 79 children abducted from PSS Nkwen Bamenda. We have expressed our disgust for this act which amounts to a serious violation of international human rights and international humanitarian law. The idea that it is ever acceptable to kidnap children is unequivocally wrong. These children were at a boarding school to be educated and put in a position to have better opportunities in life. Instead their rights have been unquestionably violated and their safety has been put at risk. We are unable to see the logic in such behaviour. Ripping children from their beds in their dorms is not heroic. It is a cowardly act.

Contra Nocendi has in the past repeatedly condemned the use of children as pawns and strongly advocated for the respect of children’s right to access to education. We stand by this declaration and have in the past defended our position. We are guided by the firm believe that children who represent one of most vulnerable groups in every society need special protection from harm. We are equally guided by the array of international laws including IHRL and IHL and the near global support for children’s right specifically their right to education. The collective international condemnation of the recent abductions speaks to this.  We have reiterated the fact that the international community frowns at actions that threaten children’s access to education. We have previously shared the view that very few in this current age will remain indifferent to the plight of children of school going age being forcefully deprived of education. That no entity or party in any conflict is likely to gain credibility in the eyes of the international community for depriving children from education.

Some NGOs have raised concerns about the age of the children that were abducted in terms of them potentially being used in the future as child soldiers. We remind anyone wishing to induce children to join an armed group and/or to induce children to directly participate in hostilities are acting in a manner inconsistent with international law. Doing so during an armed conflict, regardless of the character of said conflict, is a violation of international humanitarian law and is a war crime.

Giving peace a chance- Congolese doctor Denis Mukwege wins Nobel Peace Prize

Congolese gynecologist and surgeon Denis Mukwege won the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize earlier this month for more than two decades of work in healing victims of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Mukwege was declared the winner of the coveted prize on October 5, 2018 at the Norwegian Nobel Institute in Oslo along with Nadia Murad, a Yazidi woman who was held as a sex slave by the ISIS and has since been a Yazidi rights activist. Murad is the 17th woman and the second youngest recipient of the award after Malala Yousafzai.

Contra Nocendi International congratulates Mukwege and Murad for their extraordinary contribution to human rights and their work in emancipating victims of human rights abuse and sexual violence, a cause for which they have put their own lives at risk on several occasions.

Mukwege has previously won the United Nations Human Rights Prize as well as the European Parliament’s Sakharov Prize as well. He currently heads Panzi Hospital in Bukhavu in the Democratic Republic of Congo, which he founded over 20 years ago. At this hospital, he treats thousands of women every year who have suffered from grave sexual assault.

We also commend Murad’s work, and her activism, which touches a countless number of people affected by the Islamic State. Murad escaped from the ISIS, which repeatedly sold her as part of sex slavery after abducting her from her home in northern Iraq.

The peace prize for this year comes at a time when the global #metoo movement is gaining traction in several nations and there is increasing focus on the mistreatment and abuse of women. The movement is becoming popular as more and more women are coming up and speaking about their incidents of harassment, abuse and suffering at the hands of men. Not only has the movement encouraged women to come out and talk about their experiences, but it is also led to several cases of abuse to come out in the open and the perpetrators being held accountable in a lot of cases.

“#Metoo and war crimes are not quite the same. But they have in common that they see the suffering of women, the abuse of women and that it is important that women leave the concept of shame behind and speak up,” news outlet Reuters quoted Nobel Committee Chairwoman Berit Reiss-Andersen as saying.

At Contra Nocendi, our mission is to continue advocating for human rights and to uphold humanitarian and human rights laws that protect the rights of all groups including women, especially amidst violent situations in conflict zones. We applaud the work of Mukwege and his stupendous contributions toward upholding human rights in the African continent.

The laureate’s continuing contribution to combating an important and gruesome aspect of war crimes is an inspiration to people working in the arena of human rights globally.

Children’s right to education amidst violence in the English-speaking regions of Cameroon

Contra Nocendi International and Contra Nocendi Cameroon have advocated for the peaceful access to education for all children in the past and at times we have faced opposition, including the questioning of the legal basis to this assertion. During this time, we have re-affirmed the fact that the right to access to education in all situations is protected within the framework of international law. While we very much welcome discourse and active engagement on such an important issue, we feel it is necessary to articulate some of the legal basis for our assertion. While this articulation is not meant to be exhaustive, we hope that the breath of sources of law and breath of situations in which they apply provide clarity as to the legal basis of our assertion.


International humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights law (IHRL) provide protection for children’s right to access to education during peace and conflict situations. While IHL is the special body of laws that applies during recognised armed conflict, IHRL applies in peace times and in situations of emergency. IHRL can also be applicable during armed conflict when not at variance with IHL.


Additional Protocol II to the Geneva Conventions of 1949, which apples to non-international armed conflicts, clearly creates obligations on the part of belligerents to a non-international armed conflict, or to put it plainly, on the part of all armed groups including state and non-state actors. If you directly participate in hostilities or you have effective control over those who do, Additional Protocol II applies to you and the entity in which you belong. Article 4(3)(a) of AP II requires, inter alia, the provision of education for children. It is clear that if there is an obligation to provide education then the targeting of educational facilitates and efforts to dissuade children from effectively enjoying their right to education would be a constructive breach of Article 4(3)(a). In addition, Article 13 AP II clearly prohibits the targeting of civilian populations and individual civilians. School children and their teachers constitute civilians and hence protected under this prohibition. In the case of an international armed conflict, Article 24 of Geneva Convention IV unequivocally obliges belligerents to facilitate the education of children in all circumstances. The clear use of the phrase “all circumstances” clearly limits any leeway for deviating from this obligation.


On its part, International human rights law (IHRL) applies in peace times as well as in situations of declared emergencies. Further, except in cases of discrepancy with IHL, IHRL is equally relevant during recognised armed conflicts. This is important as the common objective of these two body of laws remains the protection of persons. It is important to note that even when derogations to some civil and political rights are applied in times of declared national emergencies, it is seldom the case with the right to education1. Article 13 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights recognizes the right to education for everyone, while Article 28 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) recognizes the right to education for children. The CRC’s Article 38 goes a step further to bridge the gap between IHL and IHRL by invoking the obligation to respect and ensure the respect for rules of IHL relevant to children and the protection and care of children affected by armed conflict. The preamble of the Optional Protocol of the Convention on the Rights of the Children on Children in Armed Conflict recognises the right of children in armed conflicts to special protection, including the right to education in peace and security. Additionally, Article 17 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights protects the right to education for all persons, while Article 11 of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child protects the right to education for all children. When reflecting on the above referenced law, we are confident that the legal basis for our assertion is clear and rather definitive.


International governmental and non-governmental bodies play an important role in ensuring the respect of children’s right to education. This includes monitoring and reporting mechanisms of violations against children in conflict including their right to education. Of specific importance is the work of the UNSC on children and armed conflict. UNSC Resolutions 1998 (2011) and 1243 (2914) inter alia, urges all parties to armed conflict to refrain from actions that impede children’s access to education and encourages Member States to consider concrete measures to deter the use of schools by armed forces and non-state armed groups in contravention of applicable international law.


This statement on the issue of children’s access to education should not be seen as Contra Nocendi International and/or Contra Nocendi Cameroon making a determination as to whether the situation in the Northwest and Southwest regions of Cameroon constitute an armed conflict nor should it be seen as an effort to characterise any perceived or actual conflict. The use of international humanitarian law is meant to be illustrative insofar as it shows the expectations of combatants in an armed conflict. We also wish to make it clear we stand firmly against any arbitrary extrajudicial killings and strongly encourage the peaceful expression of concerns and disagreements.


Contra Nocendi International and Contra Nocendi Cameroon support the Safe School opened for endorsement in Oslo in 2015. The Safe Schools Declaration is an inter-

governmental political commitment developed through consultations led by Norway and Argentina. It provides the opportunity to provide political support for the protection and continuation of education in armed conflict and has been endorsed by 80 countries as of July 2018.2 We urge other states including Cameroon to endorse this declaration.


Procedure for Endorsement: Send a letter confirming the endorsement, signed by a government official, addressed to either 1) a duty station (Embassy or Permanent Mission) of the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, or 2) the Norwegian Ministry’s Section for Humanitarian Affairs (To: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., CC: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.).


Gilbert Ajebe Akame

CNI/CN Cameroon


[1]UNESCO: Background paper prepared for the Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2011,

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